Healthy eggs are vital for a successful pregnancy. However, as the woman ages, the quality of her eggs drops. And sometimes, women have health conditions that don’t give their ovaries a chance to produce healthy oocytes. This is why egg donation programs exist.
Who might need donor eggs?
Donor eggs are of good use for different IVF and surrogacy programs.
For gestational surrogacy, intended parents choose the egg donor and the fertility clinic provides the donor with ovarian stimulation in order to retrieve more eggs than the usual one or two that are formed during ovulation.
After that, eggs are fertilized in vitro by gold standard ICSI procedure, and an embryo develops in a few days. If fertilization is successful, the embryo gets transferred to the surrogate mother’s uterus where it continues fetal development.
For IVF, donor eggs also get fertilized with the intended father’s sperm cells, and the intended mother receives the embryo for further development inside her uterus.
As you can see, egg donors are a vital part of helping infertile couples create their own families and have a baby that is genetically tied to at least one of the parents.
Egg donation in Ukraine
Ukrainian donors undergo a lot of diagnostic procedures to be finally selected as egg donors. Most Ukrainian women are healthy Caucasians, with beautiful hair and eyes.
Egg donation in Ukraine is anonymous, meaning an egg donor and intended parents don’t have personal contact and don’t know anything about each other except for vital medical data that affects a child’s well-being.
There are some vital requirements for egg donors, though, that allow a precise selection of healthy women to become egg donors in Ukraine.
Egg donor match and screening
First of all, every egg donor candidate must be mentally and physically healthy, without any hereditary diseases or chronic pathologies that affect reproductive health.
The age limit is 32 as this is a border age for when the oocytes start to get worse in their quality, including chromosome aberrations. Also, candidates for egg donation should have at least one healthy child of their own born through physiological labor.
Here at HermanFamily consulting & law, we take egg donor selection seriously, verifying the data about the donor’s health.
Intended parents can match an egg donor for their IVF or surrogacy program based on the donor’s profile which protects the egg donor’s personal and contact data but reveals basic info about appearance, and pictures (hair color and structure, eye color, skin color). When the egg donor is selected, she goes for multiple health screenings:
- Fertility screening. This includes an examination of the ovarian function to produce a number of eggs.
- Medical screening. Medical screening implies a full blood panel in the test, tests for infections, and toxic substances like drugs or alcohol.
- Genetic screening. Finally, genetic specialists take a sample of the egg donor’s DNA and evaluate the sequence to determine risk factors and any possible hereditary health disorders.
- Psychological screening. This is also an important diagnostic process as it once again evaluates the stability of the donor’s mental health and explains the procedure to her once more.
Becoming a decent egg donor is possible even for healthy and young women who still don’t have a child. The main criteria are good health and goodwill. Only 2 out of 10 women may be qualified for egg donation based on our strict requirements.