For some women, carrying a child to term is impossible due to some medical conditions ‒ both of reproductive and somatic nature. Sometimes even hereditary diseases make conception and childbirth a problem. Adoption is the most logical solution, but for many women, the biological connection to their child is very important. Surrogacy gives couples who suffer from infertility or health problems that make conception impossible, a real chance to become parents of their own child.
Surrogacy ensures that at least one of the intended parents is biologically connected to the child. There are two types of surrogacy:
- Traditional surrogacy. This type of treatment is possible when the surrogate mother is also a biological mother to a child she’s carrying. This type of surrogacy is restricted in Ukraine.
- Gestational surrogacy. In this case, a surrogate mother isn’t genetically related to the child.
Gestational surrogacy is a more popular type, and it’s also allowed in a wider number of countries, including Ukraine. With this method, eggs from the intended mother get fertilized with sperm cells from the sperm donor or intended father. The embryo as a result of this manipulation gets transferred to the surrogate mother’s uterus, where it’s carried until the delivery.
In order to perform a gestational surrogacy program, you need to involve a specialized fertility center that offers this kind of infertility treatment package. We at HermanFamily consulting & law offer different surrogacy packages to help you build a healthy and big family with your biological children in it.
Requirements for gestational surrogacy in Ukraine
In Ukraine, gestational surrogacy is completely legal, but only legally married couples are eligible to use this service. For unmarried partners or single women, a variety of IVF treatments is available.
Surrogacy programs in Ukraine have a few restrictions. Single men or women, same-sex couples (married or not), and not married heterosexual partners are not eligible for surrogacy programs.
So, who is eligible for surrogacy programs?
The main priority goes out to couples where the intended mother has no ability to carry a child. Usually, this happens due to extragenital pathologies that make labor and/or pregnancy dangerous for a woman’s health, or due to having a uterus removed. If a woman still has ovaries, she and her partner can find a surrogate mother to carry a child developed from her egg. Using an egg donor service is also a legal option in Ukraine.
Another recommendation for surrogacy is a fourth-time failure of the IVF program.
The process of gestational surrogacy in Ukraine
The process starts and ends with paperwork. First, the surrogate mother is chosen and screened for any genetic diseases and infections. Next, a surrogacy contract is signed ‒ HermanFamily lawyers can help you with creating one to make sure your parental rights are protected.
After everything is signed, the preparatory treatment for the intended mother begins with injectional medicine for ovulation stimulation. This way, a number of eggs can be retrieved from her follicles.
As for the surrogate mother, she starts receiving medications that suppress her own menstrual cycle and prepare her uterus for embryo transfer. Once the eggs from the intended mother or an egg donor are retrieved, they get fertilized with the intended father’s sperm. Five days after that, an embryo is developed in vitro and is ready for transfer.
For the next 9 months, a surrogate mother remains under the medical control of gynecologists and obstetricians. Throughout this time, she goes through multiple ultrasound screenings, and blood and urine tests to see if the fetal development goes smoothly and according to the gestational age.
The difference between traditional and gestational surrogacy
While gestational surrogacy implies an embryo transfer to a surrogate mother’s uterus that has no genetic connection with the fetus, traditional surrogacy implies the fertilization of the surrogate mother’s own eggs.
Traditional surrogacy is forbidden in Ukraine due to the genetic link between the surrogate mother and the child she’s carrying.
How much does it cost?
Depending on the package and additional services you choose, surrogacy programs can cost you around $43000. It’s an average cost of a surrogacy program without egg donation. Adding services of the egg donor and egg donor matching adds another $5000.
Every situation is unique, and for every couple, costs are calculated individually.